Learn about the various medical conditions that affect the human urological system. Dr Tim Nathan has provided the following information to assist his valued patients.
The urinary bladder is the hollow muscular organ in the pelvis that collects and stores urine excreted by the kidneys, until it is expelled by urination. Urine enters the bladder via the ureters and exits via the urethra.
The Kidney and Ureter
The kidneys are a pair of organs located in the back of the abdomen. Each kidney is about 10-12cm – about the size of a fist. The kidneys are essential organs, which filter the blood and control the amount of water and salts (electrolytes) in the body.
The human penis is an external male sexual organ that additionally serves as the urinal duct. In uncircumcised men a fold of skin, the foreskin, covers the head of the penis.
The prostate is a male reproductive gland located in the pelvis, which surrounds the urethra as it exits the bladder. Its main function is to produce fluid, which protects and enriches sperm.
The Scrotum and Testes
The testes are two oval shaped male reproductive glands that produce sperm and the male hormone testosterone. The testes are contained within a sac below the penis called the scrotum.
The urethra is the tube that connects the urinary bladder to the outside of the body. Urine is expelled from the body through the urethra.